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Malonyl coenzyme A synthetase. Purification and properties.

Malonyl coenzyme A synthetase (EC was induced in Pseudomonas fluorescens grown on malonate as a sole carbon source. This enzyme was purified, for the first time, over 30-fold by the combination of ammonium sulfate precipitation, Sephadex G-150 gel filtration, DEAE-Sephacel ion exchange chromatography, and hydroxylapatite chromatography. The purified enzyme, which had a specific activity of about 0.512 mumol/min/mg, appeared to be electrophoretically homogeneous. The molecular size of the enzyme was determined to be 98,000 Da which is composed of two 49,000-Da subunits. The optimum pH for the enzyme was 7. 5. Malonyl coenzyme A synthetase requires ATP, CoA, and Mg2+ for the full enzyme activity. With succinate or acetate, the synthetic rate of CoA derivative was 40% of that observed with malonate. The malonyl coenzyme A synthetase showed typical Michaelis-Menten kinetics for the substrate, malonate, ATP, and coenzyme A, from which the Km values were calculated to be 3.8 X 10(-4) M, 2 X 10(-3) M, and 10(-4) M and Vmax values to be 0.117 mumol/min/mg, 0.111 mumol/min/mg, and 0.142 mumol/min/mg, respectively. The purified malonyl coenzyme A synthetase was immunogenic in the rabbit and Ouchterlony double diffusion analysis revealed a single precipitant line with the enzyme. The antiserum inhibited the enzyme activity and the extent of inhibition was dependent on the amount of the serum added.[1]


  1. Malonyl coenzyme A synthetase. Purification and properties. Kim, Y.S., Bang, S.K. J. Biol. Chem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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