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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

m-Octopamine: normal occurrence with p-octopamine in mammalian sympathetic nerves.

The development of a radiochemical enzyme assay for p-octopamine in 1969 led to its identification in a large number of invertebrate nerve systems and in mammalian sympathetic nerves. The original method by which p-octopamine was measured has now been found to be nonspecific; however, modifications of this procedure can determine both m- and p-octopamine. We recently developed a new specific method for the unequivocal identification and quantitative determination in tissue of the six octopamine and synephrine isomers. With this method--negative chemical ionization gas chromatography-mass spectrometry--the more physiologically active m-octopamine has been found in association with p-octopamine in 10 organs of the rat. m-Octopamine is present in concentrations equal to those of p-octopamine in heart, spleen, and liver and in concentrations from 30 to 60% of p-octopamine in adrenals, vas deferens, brain, kidney, large intestine, bladder, and lungs. In vivo inhibition of monoamine oxidase markedly increased the concentrations of both m- and p-octopamine in all organs examined. Both amines were virtually absent from all organs except the adrenals following chemical sympathectomy with 6-hydroxydopamine, thereby establishing that m- and p-octopamine are localized within sympathetic nerve endings.[1]


  1. m-Octopamine: normal occurrence with p-octopamine in mammalian sympathetic nerves. Ibrahim, K.E., Couch, M.W., Williams, C.M., Fregly, M.J., Midgley, J.M. J. Neurochem. (1985) [Pubmed]
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