The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activities of several phase I and phase II xenobiotic biotransformation enzymes in cultured hepatocytes from male and female rats.

Hepatocytes were isolated from adult male and female rats and maintained in monolayer culture for up to 24 hr. The degree of preservation of representative phase I and phase II xenobiotic biotransformation enzymes was studied in these cells immediately after isolation, after attachment in culture, and after 24 hr in culture. Regarding phase I pathways, hepatocytes during 24 hr lost 50% of cytochrome P-450, but maintained high mixed function oxidase activities; 75% of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase and 65% of benzphetamine demethylase activities were preserved in hepatocytes from males, whereas in hepatocytes from females 70 and 50% of these activities, respectively, were maintained. Of phase II pathways, glutathione transferase activity after 24 hr, tested toward 1,2-dichloro-4-nitrobenzene as substrate, was diminished in male hepatocytes to 20% of the initial liver activity and in female cells, to 35%, whereas the activity tested toward 1-chloro-2,4-dinitrobenzene as substrate was stable. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase activities, tested toward p-nitrophenol and phenolphthalein as substrates, were slightly increased during 24 hr of culture of hepatocytes to levels higher than in liver before perfusion. The level of UDP-glucuronic acid, the endogenous substrate for the enzyme, was reduced after isolation to only 6% of the initial liver value, and then increased during culture to a level approximately 60% of normal. Thus, the changes in xenobiotic biotransformation enzymes and associated constituents in cultured hepatocytes were not uniform, although biotransformation capability remained reasonably intact.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities