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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A low molecular weight inhibitor of steroid receptor activation.

Dilution at 0 degrees of rat liver cytosol incubated with [3H]triamcinolone acetonide provoked an enhanced binding of steroid-receptor complexes to nuclei. The explanation of this phenomenon was found to be an "activation" of the complexes. Dilution acted by decreasing the concentration of a cytosol inhibitor. This reaction was irreversible at 0 degrees: once activated the complexes could not be reversed to the nonactivated state by the addition of inhibitor. The presence of hormone was necessary, since hormone-free receptor molecules could not be activated by dilution. Removal of the inhibitor did not lead to activation of all complexes: after 24 h a "plateau" was attained where 55 to 70% of the complexes were activated. The inhibitor was shown to be a low molecular weight molecule by dialysis, Sephadex G-25 chromatography, ammonium sulfate precipitation, and ultrafiltration. Thus [3H]triamcinolone acetonide-receptor complexes present in a cytosol from which the inhibitor had been removed by Sephadex G-25 chromatography became spontaneously activated at low ionic strength and at 0 degrees. The inhibitor is not a steroid (at least of usual polarity) since it cannot be extracted by methylene chloride or adsorbed by activated charcoal. It is thermostable (resists to 30 min at 100 degrees). Its removal by incubation with a cation exchange resin suggests that it may be positively charged, however it is not complexed by EDTA. This inhibitor must be distinguished from a previously described inhibitor of steroid-receptor complexes binding to nuclei. The latter compound has been shown in various systems to be responsible for an artifactual saturation of nuclear acceptor by steroid-receptor complexes. It inhibits the binding to nuclear acceptors of already activated complexes and is probably a macromolecule. It is thus different from the low molecular weight activation inhibitor described in the present paper.[1]


  1. A low molecular weight inhibitor of steroid receptor activation. Bailly, A., Sallas, N., Milgrom, E. J. Biol. Chem. (1977) [Pubmed]
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