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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effects of the new eburnamenine derivative RU 24722 on EEG recovery and cerebral energy metabolism after complete ischemia.

The influence of a new eburnamenine derivative RU 24722 [(3 beta, 14 alpha, 16 alpha)-(+/-)-14,15-dihydro-20,21-dinoreburnamenin -14-ol] on post-ischemic EEG recovery was studied in N2O anesthetized rats subjected to 1 min of global-compression cerebral ischemia. RU 24722 was compared with vincamine, dihydroergotoxine mesylate and nicergoline. Treatment with RU 24722 (2 mg/kg i.v.) significantly decreased the EEG recovery time and increased the electrocortical activity during the first phase of the post-ischemic recovery. Vincamine (2 mg/kg i.v.), dihydroergotoxine mesylate (0.5 mg/kg i.v.) and nicergoline (0.5 mg/kg i.v.) were devoid of activity. In an attempt to elucidate its mechanism of action, the influence of RU 24722 on changes in the cerebral metabolic energy reserves was studied in mouse brain after different periods of decapitation ischemia. The changes occurring during the first 10 s of ischemia were used to calculate the baseline cerebral metabolic rate (CMR). The activity of RU 24722 was compared with that of vincamine and pentobarbital. RU 24722 (10 mg/kg i.p.) significantly retarded glucose, phosphocreatine and adenosine triphosphate utilisation and lactate production. Vincamine (10 mg/kg i.p.) had no effect on cerebral energy substrates. Pentobarbital (100 mg/kg i.p.) markedly increased the tissue concentration of glucose and phosphocreatine and decreased lactate levels before and after ischemia. The improvement of EEG recovery suggests that RU 24722 may be therapeutically effective in cerebral insufficiency, and the decreased brain energy demand may be one of the mechanisms by which RU 24722 has a protective effect against cerebral ischemic damage.[1]


  1. Effects of the new eburnamenine derivative RU 24722 on EEG recovery and cerebral energy metabolism after complete ischemia. Barzaghi, F., Dragonetti, M., Formento, M.L., Boissier, J.R. Arzneimittel-Forschung. (1985) [Pubmed]
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