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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inner-ring deiodination of 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine in the in situ perfused guinea pig placenta.

Broken cell preparations of rat and human placentas contain an inner (tyrosyl)-ring iodothyronine deiodinase enzyme with greatest activity when the substrate is 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine (T3). This report describes the deiodination of T3 in the intact placenta and the effect of sodium iopanoate (IA) and propylthiouracil (PTU) on T3 deiodination. Under nembutal anesthesia, the placenta of 60-65-d-old pregnant guinea pigs was surgically exposed, a single umbilical artery and the umbilical vein were cannulated, and the fetus was removed. In a temperature-controlled chamber (37 degrees C), the fetal side of the placenta was perfused through the umbilical artery at a rate of 1 ml/min with 3% bovine serum albumin Krebs-Henseleit buffer containing 0.14 nM outer ring labeled [125I]T3. Placenta effluent fractions were collected at timed intervals from the umbilical vein cannula throughout a 120-min perfusion period. The contents of the perfusion buffer and the various effluent fractions were analyzed for their iodothyronine content by high pressure liquid chromatography. In five experiments, the percent composition of 125I-labeled iodothyronines in the perfusion buffer and placenta effluent was 95.3 +/- 1.0 (mean +/- SE) and 70.2 +/- 2.1 for T3 (P less than 0.01), 2.5 +/- 0.7 and 20.1 +/- 1.8 for 3,3'-T2 (P less than 0.01), and 0 and 8.2 +/- 0.9 for 3'-T1. There was no difference between the percent [125I]iodide in the perfusion buffer and in the placenta effluents. When placentas were perfused with IA and [125I]T3, after perfusion with [125I]T3 alone, there was a significant increase (P less than 0.01) in the percent [125I]T3 in the placenta effluents, and a significant decrease in [125I]3,3'-T2 (P less than 0.01) and [125I]3'-T1 (P less than 0.01). In contrast, PTU did not affect the composition of labeled iodothyronines in the placenta effluents, despite the fact that the addition of PTU significantly (P less than 0.001) inhibits the inner-ring deiodination of [125I]T3 in human or guinea pig placenta microsomes in the presence of low (0.25 mM) concentrations of dithiothreitol. The present studies demonstrate that T3 is actively deiodinated in the inner ring to 3,3'-T2 by the intact guinea pig placenta. A portion of 3,3'-T2 is further deiodinated in the inner ring to generate 3'-T1. No outer ring deiodination of T3 was seen under the conditions employed. IA, but not PTU, inhibits T3 deiodination in the placenta perfused in situ. We conclude that the placenta is probably a site for fetal T3 metabolism.[1]


  1. Inner-ring deiodination of 3,5,3'-triiodothyronine in the in situ perfused guinea pig placenta. Castro, M.I., Braverman, L.E., Alex, S., Wu, C.F., Emerson, C.H. J. Clin. Invest. (1985) [Pubmed]
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