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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Maturation of a hypermodified nucleoside in transfer RNA.

E. coli C6 rel- met- cys- was cultured in a fully supplemented medium and in media lacking cysteine or methionine. tRNA isolated from the three cultures containted, respectively, a normal complement of modified nucleosides; a deficiency in thiolated nucleosides and a deficiency in methylated nucleosides. Both sulfur-deficient tRNA and methyl-deficient tRNA contained large amounts of N-6- (delta-2-isopentenyl) adenosine and small amounts of the 2-methylthio derivative. Methyl-deficient tRNA contained, in addition a large amount of a cytokinin active, differently modified nucleoside that is believed to be a sulfur derivative of N6-(delta-2-isopentenyl) adenosine. The structure of this compound is unknown. When methly-deficient tRNA and the precusor the tRNA-Tyr su3-+ A25 were enzymatically methylated in vitro, methyl groups were incorporated into derivatives of isopentenyladenosine. These results indicate that the biosynthesis of the 2-methylthio derivative of isopentenyladenosine may occur in a sequential manner, i.e., thiolation of isopentenyladenosine followed by methylation.[1]


  1. Maturation of a hypermodified nucleoside in transfer RNA. Agris, P.F., Armstrong, D.J., Schäfer, K.P., Söll, D. Nucleic Acids Res. (1975) [Pubmed]
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