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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition by dicyclohexylcarbodiimide of proton ejection but not electron transfer in rat liver mitochondria.

The primary effect of dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD) at the cytochrome b-c1 region of the respiratory chain of rat liver mitochondria is an inhibition of proton translocation. No significant decrease was observed in the rate of electron flow from succinate to cytochrome c when measured as cytochrome c reductase, K3Fe(CN)6 reductase, or the rate of H+ release in the presence of the uncoupler carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone after treatment with sufficient DCCD to abolish completely electrogenic proton ejection. The inhibitory effects of DCCD were time and concentration dependent and affected by the pH of the medium. Lowering the pH from 7.3 to 6.7 resulted in a progressively faster rate and extent of inhibition of proton ejection by DCCD. At pH 6.9, the H+/2e- decreased by 50% within 30 s after DCCD addition; however, at pH 7.3, a 50% decrease was not observed until 2 min after DCCD addition. DCCD did not act as an uncoupler as both the rate of proton ejection and back decay were decreased after incubation with DCCD. Treatment of rat liver mitochondria with DCCD under these same conditions also resulted in a broadening of the sharp spectral shift of cytochrome b observed after antimycin addition to mitochondria previously reduced with succinate suggesting that DCCD may modify cytochrome b in such a way that the binding of antimycin is altered.[1]


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