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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

beta-Adrenergic receptors in rabbit liver plasma membranes. Predominance of beta 2-receptors and mediation of adrenergic regulation of hepatic glycogenolysis.

[3H]Dihydroalprenolol was used to study beta-adrenergic binding sites in plasma membranes isolated from rabbit liver. Specific binding was measured at 25 degrees C as the difference between total binding and binding in the presence of 2 microM dl-propranolol or 10 microM l-isoproterenol. Binding was saturable and stereoselective. The maximum number of binding sites (Bmax) was 434 +/- 41 fmol/mg of protein. The Kd for this binding as determined by Scatchard analysis was 1.39 +/- 0.09 nM. This value agreed well with the Kd value (1.27 +/- 0.12 nM) determined by kinetic analysis. The potency order for the displacement of bound [3H]dihydroalprenolol was isoproterenol greater than epinephrine greater than norepinephrine, indicative of beta 2-receptors. Use of beta 1- and beta 2-subtype-selective inhibitors also supported the interpretation that the binding characteristics are those of beta 2-receptors. Computer-aided analysis of this inhibition indicated that the beta-receptors in this membrane are predominantly, if not exclusively, of the beta 2-subtype. That these receptors are responsible for mediating catecholamine stimulation of hepatic glycogenolysis was deduced from the inhibition of agonist-stimulated glycogenolysis, in isolated hepatocytes, by beta-receptor subtype-selective antagonists. Thus, the hydrochloride of (t-butylamino-3-ol-2-propyl)oximino-9 fluorene, a beta-antagonist which has higher affinity at beta 2-sites than at beta 1-sites, was 3 orders of magnitude more potent in inhibiting isoproterenol-stimulated glycogenolysis than either atenolol or practolol, both of which are beta 1-selective antagonists. These results resemble the inhibition of [3H]dihydroalprenolol binding in plasma membranes. The glycogenolytic effects of catecholamines occurred with the potency order isoproterenol greater than epinephrine greater than norepinephrine. Thus, both by radioligand binding studies and by metabolic studies, the functional adrenergic receptor in the rabbit liver is shown to be of the beta 2-subtype.[1]


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