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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specificity of diffusion channels produced by lambda phage receptor protein of Escherichia coli.

The lamB protein, the receptor for phage lambda, was purified from the outer membrane of Escherichia coli K-12 by extraction with Triton X-100 and EDTA, chromatography on DEAE-Sephacel in Triton X-100, exchange of Triton for cholate by gel filtration, and chromatography on Sephacryl S-200 in cholate, NaCl, and EDTA. The purified protein appeared to exist as several oligomeric species. In an equilibrium retention assay with reconstituted vesicles containing phospholipids and lipopolysaccharide, the lamB protein conferred permeability for disaccharides. In a liposome swelling assay designed to measure rates of diffusion, the lamB protein conferred permeability to phospholipid liposomes for a variety of substrates. The rates obtained indicate the permeation facilitated by the lamB protein is specific, discriminating among substrates by both size and configuration. For example, maltose diffused into liposomes 40 times faster than sucrose, about 8 times faster than cellobiose, and about 12 times faster than maltoheptaose. The results suggest that the lamB protein forms a transmembrane channel containing a site (or sites) that loosely interacts with the solutes.[1]


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