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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of murine tumors upon delayed hypersensitivity to dinitrochlorobenzene. III. In vivo activity of the nonspecific suppressor cell.

Tumor-induced immunosuppression was investigated in an in vivo model of delayed hypersensitivity (DH) to the chemical sensitizer, dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB). DH to DNCB as measured in a footpad assay was decreased in C3H/HeJ mice bearing MCA-F, a 3-methylcholanthrene-induced syngeneic fibrosarcoma. Suppressor cells from the spleens of tumor-bearing mice inhibited the induction of DH to DNCB in otherwise normal syngeneic C3H/HeJ recipients. Ten million spleen cells (SpC) harvested from mice bearing MCA-F for 10 days and adoptively transferred to tumor-free mice at the time of sensitization with DNCB suppressed the response to the sensitizer. The suppressor cells were macrophages, since they were adherent to plastic, removed by treatment with a magnet after phagocytosis of carbonyl iron, resistant to exposure to gamma radiation and to treatment with anti-Thy 1.2 serum and complement. Further, the nonspecific suppressor cells were activated by progressive tumor growth rather than by induction of tumor-specific immunity using irradiated tumor cells. Titration studies revealed that suppression of DH occurred with the transfer of as few as 10(6) SpC. Thus, nonspecific suppressor cells are effective at inhibiting in vivo DH to DNCB and suggest that nonspecific suppression in the intact host occurs through mechanisms different from those involved in suppression in vitro.[1]


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