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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Early prenatal detection of diastrophic dysplasia.

Diastrophic dysplasia, an autosomal recessive disorder, results in severe short-limbed dwarfism, progressive spinal and joint problems, and secondary psychosocial disability. The results of treatments are unsatisfactory. Four pregnant mothers at risk for an affected fetus were studied with an ultrasound scanner at 16 and 19 weeks of gestation. Each mother had a previous child with diastrophic dysplasia. The biparietal distance and the length of the long bones of the extremities were normal in three fetuses, whereas in one fetus there was a 30 per cent shortening of all long bones. The biparietal distance corresponded with the gestational age in all fetuses. In one fetus, diastrophic dysplasia was confirmed by fetoscopy and fetal radiograph at 19 weeks of gestation after the parents had decided to terminate the pregnancy. The skeletal radiograph and autopsy findings of the fetus verified the diagnosis. All other mothers were followed with repeated ultrasound examinations, and they delivered healthy babies. The retrospective follow-up of the four previous pregnancies and of the present one with affected fetuses disclosed that two mothers had had vaginal bleeding, two lymphedema, one abdominal pains, and one mother had had polyhydramnios. These complications were, however, mild and transient, and they could not be regarded as specific for pregnancies with affected fetuses.[1]


  1. Early prenatal detection of diastrophic dysplasia. Kaitila, I., Ammälä, P., Karjalainen, O., Liukkonen, S., Rapola, J. Prenat. Diagn. (1983) [Pubmed]
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