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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A possible role of cadaverine in the biosynthesis of polyamines in the Japanese newt testis.

Polyamine content in testes of various vertebrates was studied extensively. Putrescine, spermidine and spermine were detected in all the animals examined, although the distribution pattern varied greatly from animal to animal. Cadaverine was detected only in amphibian testes; sym-homospermidine was found not only in testes but also in various other tissues of amphibians and of some reptiles. In the newt testis the concentration of cadaverine was lower than that of any other polyamines in summer, but there was a great increase in cadaverine content from autumn to winter. The testicular content of cadaverine was greater than that of other polyamines in winter. There was a gradual decrease in the cadaverine content in spring. The spermidine and spermine levels, which were rather low in winter, increased in spring and reached a peak in summer when spermatogenesis was active. The testicular concentration of putrescine that was much higher than that of spermidine or spermine throughout the year, increased only a little in summer. There was a significant negative correlation between the cadaverine levels and four other polyamine levels. Exogenous cadaverine decreased the testicular levels of putrescine. Mammalian gonadotropins decreased the cadaverine levels and increased the levels of other polyamines. A partially purified LH fraction from pituitaries of bullfrog, Rana catesbeiana, was also potent in depleting cadaverine of the testes of newts kept at 8 degrees C. These results suggest that testicular cadaverine suppresses the biosynthesis of polyamines, especially spermidine and spermine which are closely associated with spermatogenesis.[1]


  1. A possible role of cadaverine in the biosynthesis of polyamines in the Japanese newt testis. Matsuzaki, S., Tanaka, S., Suzuki, M., Hamana, K. Endocrinol. Jpn. (1981) [Pubmed]
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