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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Pyrazole effects on mutagenicity and toxicity of dimethylnitrosamine in Wistar rats.

The correlation between the in vivo toxicity and in vitro mutagenicity of dimethylnitrosamine and the activity of dimethylnitrosamine demethylase I (DMND I) after pyrazole treatment of rats was studied. The biological effects of pyrazole were measured either as toxicity to the rats or as mutations to Salmonella TA 92. A dose-response relationship was observed between DMND I activity and the administered dose of pyrazole. Pyrazole administration increased the toxicity of dimethylnitrosamine when measured as a 50% lethal dose or as a histopathological effect on the liver. Phenobarbital and methylcholanthrene administration did not have any effect on the activity of DMND I or on the number of histidine-revertant colonies when tested using the liquid suspension method in the presence of dimethylnitrosamine and the reduced nicotinamide adenine denucleotide phosphate-generating system. When microsomes from the pyrazole-treated animals were used in the mutagenesis assay, there was a linear correlation between DMND I activity and the number of histidine-revertant colonies. It is concluded that pyrazole treatment of animals increases the activity of liver DMND I, the toxicity of dimethylnitrosamine, and the number of mutations.[1]


  1. Pyrazole effects on mutagenicity and toxicity of dimethylnitrosamine in Wistar rats. Evarts, R.P., Raab, M.M., Haliday, E., Brown, C. Cancer Res. (1983) [Pubmed]
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