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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human galanin reduces plasma norepinephrine levels in man.

The neuropeptide galanin ( GAL) is widely distributed in the peripheral and central nervous systems, where it often coexists with catecholamines. To gain insight into the action of human GAL on sympathetic nervous system activity in man, we investigated the effects of a 60-min infusion of human (h) GAL (80 pmol/kg.min) or saline on peripheral norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine concentrations, heart rate (HR), and systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP) in the supine position as well as after assumption of the upright posture (UP) in eight healthy male volunteers. hGAL depressed supine plasma NE (0.84 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.33 +/- 0.02 nmol/L) and blunted the NE response to assumption of the UP (1.68 +/- 0.03 vs. 0.44 +/- 0.03 nmol/L), but caused a significant enhancement of the epinephrine response to assumption of the UP (0.22 +/- 0.02 vs. 0.65 +/- 0.06 nmol/L). hGAL significantly increased supine HR (70 +/- 2 vs. 99 +/- 4 beats/min) and potentiated the HR response to assumption of the UP (82 +/- 3 vs. 107 +/- 4 beats/min). hGAL did not alter supine systolic and diastolic BP, but caused a significant decrease in the systolic (121 +/- 3 vs. 98 +/- 2 mm Hg) and diastolic (74 +/- 2 vs. 62 +/- 2 mm Hg) BP responses to assumption of the UP. Our data show that hGAL decreases supine position- and UP-stimulated release of NE, suggesting an inhibitory modulation of hGAL on sympathetic outflow in man. The finding that hGAL induces an increase in HR, both in the supine position and after UP, and an inhibition of the systolic and diastolic BP response to UP provides further support for an involvement of hGAL in regulation of the cardiovascular and autonomic nervous systems in man.[1]


  1. Human galanin reduces plasma norepinephrine levels in man. degli Uberti, E.C., Ambrosio, M.R., Bondanelli, M., Trasforini, G., Margutti, A., Valentini, A., Rossi, R., Franceschetti, P. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1995) [Pubmed]
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