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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and nucleotide sequencing of the membrane-bound L-sorbosone dehydrogenase gene of Acetobacter liquefaciens IFO 12258 and its expression in Gluconobacter oxydans.

Cloning and expression of the gene encoding Acetobacter liquefaciens IFO 12258 membrane-bound L-sorbosone dehydrogenase (SNDH) were studied. A genomic library of A. liquefaciens IFO 12258 was constructed with the mobilizable cosmid vector pVK102 (mob+) in Escherichia coli S17-1 (Tra+). The library was transferred by conjugal mating into Gluconobacter oxydans OX4, a mutant of G. oxydans IFO 3293 that accumulates L-sorbosone in the presence of L-sorbose. The transconjugants were screened for SNDH activity by performing a direct expression assay. One clone harboring plasmid p7A6 converted L-sorbosone to 2-keto-L-gulonic acid (2KGA) more rapidly than its host did and also converted L-sorbose to 2KGA with no accumulation of L-sorbosone. The insert (25 kb) of p7A6 was shortened to a 3.1-kb fragment, in which one open reading frame (1,347 bp) was found and was shown to encode a polypeptide with a molecular weight of 48,222. The SNDH gene was introduced into the 2KGA-producing strain G. oxydans IFO 3293 and its derivatives, which contained membrane-bound L-sorbose dehydrogenase. The cloned SNDH was correctly located in the membrane of the host. The membrane fraction of the clone exhibited almost stoichiometric formation of 2KGA from L-sorbosone and L-sorbose. Resting cells of the clones produced 2KGA very efficiently from L-sorbosone and L-sorbose, but not from D-sorbitol; the conversion yield from L-sorbosone was improved from approximately 25 to 83%, whereas the yield from L-sorbose was increased from 68 to 81%. Under fermentation conditions, cloning did not obviously improve the yield of 2KGA from L-sorbose.[1]


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