The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fasciola hepatica: ultrastructural changes to the tegument of juvenile flukes following incubation in vitro with the deacetylated (amine) metabolite of diamphenethide.

Ultrastructural changes to the tegument of 5-week-old, 3-week-old and freshly-excysted Fasciola hepatica following in vitro incubation with the deacetylated (amine) metabolite of diamphenethide (DAMD, 10 microgramsml-1) were examined by transmission electron microscopy. A similar sequence of tegumental changes occurred in all three age groups of fluke, although, with increasing fluke age, the time before onset increased and the damage became more extensive. The 5-week-old flukes showed an initial stress response after 3 h, typified by blebbing of the apical plasma membrane, formation of microvilli and an accumulation and accelerated release of secretory bodies at the tegumental apex, as well as swelling of the basal infolds. The swelling increased in extent with progressively longer periods of incubation in DAMD, leading to extreme edema and sloughing of the tegument after 9 h. The 3-week-old flukes showed a stress response and swelling of the basal infolds after only 1.5 h, although sloughing of the tegument did not occur until after 9 h. In the freshly-excysted metacercaria, a stress response and some sloughing of the tegument were evident after only 0.5 h. At all stages of development, the ventral tegument was more severely affected than the dorsal. Changes also occurred to the tegumental cells which were indicative of a disruption in the synthesis and release of tegumental secretory bodies: the amount of GER became reduced, the cisternae became swollen and their ribosomal covering decreased, the Golgi complexes disappeared from the cells and the numbers of secretory bodies in the cells also decreased. The heterochromatin content of the nuclei increased and eventually the tegumental cells began to break down. Again, the changes became apparent more rapidly at the earlier stages of development. The ultrastructural changes to the tegument are linked to a possible mode of action for diamphenethide as an inhibitor of protein synthesis. In turn, the results may help to explain the drug's high efficacy against juvenile stages of F. hepatica.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities