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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of fosetyl-A1 on peroxidase from grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cells.

Grapevine (Vitis vinifera cv. Monastrell) suspension cell cultures were treated with fosetyl-A1, a widely used systemic fungicide for grapevine diseases caused by oomycetes, and examined at the electron microscope level for peroxidase cytochemistry. The results showed that treatment with fosetyl-A1 provokes an activation of both vacuolar sap and tonoplast-located peroxidase, already described as due to the basic peroxidase isoenzyme, B5, which was previously characterized as a constitutive marker of disease resistance against Plasmopara viticola in axillary bud cultures of Vitis spp. This activation of peroxidase isoenzyme B5, as seen at the electron microscope level, was confirmed by cytophotometric methods, but is in contrast with the unchanged enzyme level determined by biochemical methods. These results suggest a metabolic activation of peroxidase isoenzyme B5 as a consequence of fosetyl-A1 treatment, probably due to an acidification of the vacuole. This response was accompanied by the appearance of myelin-like structures inside the cytoplasm and osmiophylic-bodies inside the mitochondria. However, the latter structural changes cannot easily be related to the above described specific peroxidase response.[1]


  1. Effect of fosetyl-A1 on peroxidase from grapevine (Vitis vinifera) cells. López-Serrano, M., Ferrer, M.A., Ros Barceló, A., Pedreño, M.A. European journal of histochemistry : EJH. (1995) [Pubmed]
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