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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning of an insect aminopeptidase N that serves as a receptor for Bacillus thuringiensis CryIA(c) toxin.

The Bacillus thuringiensis CryIA(c) insecticidal delta-endotoxin binds to a 120-kDa glycoprotein receptor in the larval midgut epithelia of the susceptible insect Manduca sexta. This glycoprotein has recently been purified and identified as aminopeptidase N. We now report the cloning of aminopeptidase N from a M. sexta midgut cDNA library. Two overlapping clones were isolated, and their combined 3095-nucleotide sequence contains an open reading frame encoding a 990-residue pre-pro-protein. The N-terminal amino acid sequence derived from the glycoprotein is present in the open reading frame, immediately following a predicted cleavable signal peptide and a pro-peptide. There are four potential N-linked glycosylation sites. The C-terminal sequence contains a possible glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchor signal peptide, which suggests that, unlike most other characterized aminopeptidases, the lepidopteran enzyme is anchored in the membrane by a GPI anchor. This was confirmed by partial release of aminopeptidase N activity from M. sexta midgut brush border membranes by phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C. The deduced amino acid sequence shows significant similarity to the zinc-dependent aminopeptidase gene family, particularly in the region surrounding the consensus zinc-binding motif characteristic of these enzymes.[1]


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