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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cefixime. A review of its therapeutic efficacy in lower respiratory tract infections.

Cefixime is an orally active third generation cephalosporin with in vitro antibacterial activity against most important lower respiratory pathogens. The drug is active against Haemophilus influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis and penicillin-susceptible Streptococcus pneumoniae but not Staphylococcus aureus. Cefixime has a long elimination half-life (3 hours compared with 0.5 hours for cefaclor and 1.5 hours for cefalexin), which allows once daily administration. Several trials have established the clinical efficacy of the drug in patients with lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). In comparative studies cefixime had similar efficacy to amoxicillin +/- clavulanic acid, cefaclor, cefalexin, cefuroxime axetil and clarithromycin. Trials evaluating the efficacy of cefixime as the oral component of intravenous to oral switch therapy have produced promising preliminary results although further carefully designed trials are needed in this area. As with certain other drugs of its class, gastrointestinal disturbances are the most frequently reported adverse events in patients taking cefixime and cases of pseudomembranous colitis have been reported. Thus, cefixime is an effective treatment for mild to moderate LRTI and may have a role as the oral component of intravenous to oral switch therapy although further well designed studies are needed to confirm initial favourable results in this important emerging area of antibacterial therapy.[1]


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