The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Ligation of the CD5 or CD28 molecules on resting human T cells induces expression of the early activation antigen CD69 by a calcium- and tyrosine kinase-dependent mechanism.

The CD5 and CD28 molecules on T lymphocytes can each exert an accessory role in T-cell activation. Ligands for CD5 and CD28 have been identified as CD72 and B7/BB1 respectively. The function of, and the signal transduction pathways coupled to CD28 have been the subject of extensive studies. In contrast, it is still debated whether CD5 functions as a receptor which directly transduces an independent signal to the T cell. In this paper, it is reported that culture of purified T cells in the presence of either immobilized anti-CD5 monoclonal antibody (mAb) (OKT1, Leu-1 or 10.2) or cross-linked anti-CD28 (9.3) mAb (but not of anti-LFA-1 alpha, anti-LFA-1 beta, or anti-CD7) induces expression of CD69, an early activation marker, in the absence of other activating stimuli. CD69 expression was consistently detectable after 3-24 hr on 20-50% of T cells, within both the CD4 and CD8 subsets. CD45RO- CD45RA+ naive T cells were more responsive than CD45RO+ CD45RA- memory T cells. In the presence of recombinant (r) interleukin-2 (IL-2), anti-CD5- or anti-CD28- induced CD69 expression was further up-regulated, more sustained and, as previously shown, succeeded by IL-2 responsiveness. Simultaneous cross-linking of both CD5 and CD28 enhanced CD69 expression above the levels obtained with optimal amounts of both ligands separately. In the presence of a submitogenic dose of the protein kinase C (PKC) activating agent phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), co-stimulation with anti-CD5 or anti-CD28 increased CD69 expression above that induced by PMA alone. Cross-linking of CD5 or CD28 induces an early rise of cytoplasmic free calcium concentration ([Ca2+)]i) and both this rise and CD69 expression were inhibited by chelation of extracellular Ca2+ with ethyleneglycol-bis-(2-aminoethyl)-tetraacetate (EGTA). Pretreatment of the cells with the tyrosine kinase inhibitor herbimycin A also blocked CD69 expression. The data thus antigen-independent fashion. Moreover it is demonstrated that influx of Ca2+ and tyrosine kinase activity are involved in the signal transduction pathways of both receptors.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities