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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Enzymatic aminopropylation of certain secondary amines.

Two unusual aminopropyl acceptors found in a survey of putrescine binding sites of mammalian spermidine synthase, N-methylputrescine (I) and 4-aminomethylpiperidine (II), were examined for their aminopropyl derivatives. Studies under in vitro incubation conditions suggested that the aminopropyl derivatives of the secondary amine of I and II, N4-methylspermidine (Is) and 1-N-(3-aminopropyl)-4-aminomethylpiperidine (IIs), and of the primary amine of I and II, N8-methylspermidine (Ip) and 4-[N-(3-aminopropyl)aminomethyl]piperidine (IIp), respectively, were biosynthesized by rat spermidine synthase. Studies on the cell culture system of cultured rat hepatoma (HTC) cells treated with alpha-difluoromethylornithine, an ornithine decarboxylase inhibitor, clearly showed the presence of Is and Ip when I was administered, and IIs and IIp when II was administered, with no detection of putrescine or spermidine. These results suggested that mammalian spermidine synthase can transfer the aminopropyl moiety of decarboxylated S-adenosylmethionine to certain secondary amines in living cells.[1]


  1. Enzymatic aminopropylation of certain secondary amines. Shirahata, A., Hosoda, H., Takahashi, N., Beppu, T., Niitsu, M., Samejima, K. Biol. Pharm. Bull. (1995) [Pubmed]
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