The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Parathyroid hormone- induced retraction of MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells is attenuated by the calpain inhibitor N-Ac-Leu-Leu-norleucinal.

Parathyroid hormone ( PTH) binding to its osteoblastic receptors stimulates cytoplasmic retraction within minutes. We hypothesized that the calpains (calcium-activated papain-like enzymes) contribute to PTH-induced osteoblastic retraction by catalyzing regulatory hydrolysis of cytoskeletal structural proteins or enzymes important in cytokinesis. N-Ac-Leu-Leu-norleucinal (ALLN), a reversible calpain inhibitor, was tested for its ability to inhibit PTH-induced retraction in murine MC3T3-E1 osteoblastic cells. ALLN inhibited PTH-induced retraction for 30 minutes in cells cultured on polystyrene cultureware or gelatin-coated glass cover slips, supporting the hypothesis that PTH-induced activation of the calpains contributes to short-term changes in MC3T3-E1 cell shape. Inhibition of PTH-induced retraction occurred on two substrata, suggesting that interactions between the extracellular matrix and cell surface proteins are not the sole determinants of morphology. Intracellular events, such as hydrolysis of focal adherens junction proteins on the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane, may contribute to PTH-induced retraction.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities