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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A pharmacological profile of the novel, peripherally-selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist, EMD 61753.

1. The pharmacological properties of the novel diarylacetamide kappa-opioid receptor agonist, EMD 61753, have been compared with those of ICI 197067 (a centrally-acting kappa agonist) and ICI 204448 (a peripherally-selective kappa agonist). 2. EMD 61753 binds with high affinity (IC50 5.6 nM) and selectivity (kappa:mu:delta:sigma binding ratio 1:536:125: > 1,786) to kappa-opioid receptors and is a full and potent (IC50 54.5 nM) agonist in an in vitro assay for kappa-opioid receptors (rabbit vas deferens preparation). 3. Systemically-applied [14C]-EMD 61753 is found in high concentrations in the lungs, liver, adrenal glands and kidneys. Considerably less radioactivity is detected in the whole brain, and this radioactivity is concentrated in the region of the cerebral ventricles in the choroid plexuses. EMD 61753 penetrates only poorly into the CNS. 4. EMD 61753 was weakly effective in pharmacological tests of central activity. This compound reversed haloperidolol-induced DOPA accumulation in the nucleus accumbens of the rat only at a dose of 30 mg kg-1, s.c., (doses of 0.1, 1.0 and 10 mg kg-1, s.c., and 1.0, 10 and 100 mg kg-1, p.o., were inactive). Hexobarbitone-induced sleeping in mice was prolonged by EMD 61753 at threshold doses of 10 mg kg-1, s.c., and 100 mg kg-1, p.o., whereas the motor performance of rats in the rotarod test was impaired by EMD 61753 with an ID50 value of 453 mg kg-1, s.c. 5. EMD 61753 produced dose-dependent, naloxone-reversible antinociception in the mouse formalin test (1st phase ID50 1.9 mg kg-1, s.c., and 10.4 mg kg-1, p.o.; 2nd phase ID50 0.26 mg kg-1, s.c., and 3.5 mg kg-1, p.o.) and rodent abdominal constriction test (ID50 mouse 1.75 mg kg-1, s.c., and 8.4 mg kg-1, p.o.; ID50 rat 3.2 mg kg-1, s.c., and 250 mg kg-1, p.o.). EMD 61753 was inactive, or only weakly effective, in the rat pressure test under normalgesic conditions. After the induction of hyperalgesia with carrageenin, however, this compound elicited potent, dose-dependent (ID50 0.08 mg kg-1, s.c., and 6.9 mg kg-1, p.o., after remedial application, and 0.2 mg kg-1, s.c., and 3.1 mg kg-1, p.o., after prophylactic application) and naloxone-reversible antinociception.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


  1. A pharmacological profile of the novel, peripherally-selective kappa-opioid receptor agonist, EMD 61753. Barber, A., Bartoszyk, G.D., Bender, H.M., Gottschlich, R., Greiner, H.E., Harting, J., Mauler, F., Minck, K.O., Murray, R.D., Simon, M. Br. J. Pharmacol. (1994) [Pubmed]
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