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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Functional distribution and role of alpha-1 adrenoceptor subtypes in the mesenteric vasculature of the rat.

Because alpha-1 adrenoceptor subtypes are distributed differentially in different arteries, experiments were conducted to determine the functional contribution of these subtypes in conduit vs. resistance vessels. Concentration- or dose-response curves for norepinephrine were obtained from aortic rings, superior mesenteric artery rings or the isolated perfused mesenteric vasculature from male Sprague-Dawley rats. Frequency-response curves to transmural electrical stimulation were obtained from the latter two preparations. The effects of 5-methylurapidil (5-MU), an alpha-1a adrenoceptor antagonist, and chloroethyl-clonidine (CEC), an alpha-1b adrenoceptor antagonist, on contractile responses were determined. In artery rings, 5-MU (30 nM) had no effect on the EC50 of norepinephrine but reduced the maximum response of the mesenteric artery rings by nearly 25%. In the perfused mesenteric vasculature, however, 5-MU (30 nM) shifted the ED50 for norepinephrine about 40-fold while reducing the maximum response by 30%. 5-MU depressed the frequency-response curve in the perfused mesenteric vasculature by nearly 80%, but did not alter the response of artery rings. In aorta, pretreatment with CEC (10 microM) shifted the concentration-response curve of norepinephrine by 800-fold without effecting the maximum. In mesenteric artery rings and perfused mesenteric vasculature, CEC reduced the slope and maximum response of both frequency-response and norepinephrine dose-response curves. Responses to norepinephrine (10 microM) in the perfused mesentery were abolished by 5-MU and reduced only 25% by nifedipine. These data suggest that the density or role of alpha-1a adrenoceptors may be greater in resistance vessels than in conduit vessels.[1]


  1. Functional distribution and role of alpha-1 adrenoceptor subtypes in the mesenteric vasculature of the rat. Kong, J.Q., Taylor, D.A., Fleming, W.W. J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther. (1994) [Pubmed]
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