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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The antioxidant defense system of isolated guinea pig Leydig cells.

Utilization of highly enriched preparations of steroidogenic Leydig cells have proven invaluable for studying the direct effects of various hormones and agents on Leydig cell function in vitro. However, recent work indicates that isolated Leydig cells are often subjected to oxygen (O2) toxicity when cultured at ambient (19%) oxygen concentrations. Because intracellular antioxidants play an important role in protecting cells against oxygen toxicity, we have investigated the intracellular antioxidant defense system of isolated Leydig cells. The cellular levels of several antioxidants including catalase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G-6-PDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) of the Cu/Zn & Mn variety, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase and total glutathione were quantitated using enriched populations of Leydig cells isolated from adult male guinea pig testes. Compared to whole testicular homogenates, Leydig cells contained significantly (P < 0.01) less G-6-PDH, total SOD, glutathione reductase and total glutathione, but significantly (P < 0.001) more glutathione peroxidase. Compared to hepatic values previously reported in the guinea pig, Leydig cells contain nearly 400 times less catalase, about 14 times less glutathione peroxidase and almost 11 times less glutathione reductase. Since G-6-PDH and glutathione reductase are both necessary to regenerate reduced glutathione (GSH) which couples with glutathione peroxidase to breakdown hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) under normal conditions, it is plausible that the oxygen toxicity observed in isolated Leydig cells is due to the intracellular accumulation of H2O2.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. The antioxidant defense system of isolated guinea pig Leydig cells. Kukucka, M.A., Misra, H.P. Mol. Cell. Biochem. (1993) [Pubmed]
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