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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Role of Src homology 3 domains in assembly and activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase.

The phagocyte NADPH oxidase, dormant in resting cells, is activated during phagocytosis to produce superoxide, a precursor of microbicidal oxidants. The activated oxidase is a complex of membrane-integrated cytochrome b558, composed of 91-kDa (gp91phox) and 22-kDa (p22phox) subunits, and two cytosolic factors (p47phox and p67phox), each containing two Src homology 3 (SH3) domains. Here we show that the region of the tandem SH3 domains of p47phox (p47-SH3) expressed as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein inhibits the superoxide production in a cell-free system, indicating involvement of the domains in the activation. Furthermore, we find that arachidonic acid and sodium dodecyl sulfate, activators of the oxidase in vitro, cause exposure of p47-SH3, which has probably been masked by the C-terminal region of this protein in a resting state. The unmasking of p47-SH3 appears to play a crucial role in the assembly of the oxidase components, because p47-SH3 binds to both p22phox and p67phox but fails to interact with a mutant p22phox carrying a Pro-156-->Gln substitution in a proline-rich region, which has been found in a patient with chronic granulomatous disease. Based on the observations, we propose a signal-transducing mechanism whereby normally inaccessible SH3 domains become exposed upon activation to interact with their target proteins.[1]

References

  1. Role of Src homology 3 domains in assembly and activation of the phagocyte NADPH oxidase. Sumimoto, H., Kage, Y., Nunoi, H., Sasaki, H., Nose, T., Fukumaki, Y., Ohno, M., Minakami, S., Takeshige, K. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1994) [Pubmed]
 
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