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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential effects of interferon-gamma and glucocorticoids on Fc gamma R gene expression in murine macrophages.

Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) was shown previously to increase Fc gamma receptor (Fc gamma R)-mediated binding and phagocytosis of immunoglobulin G-opsonized erythrocytes in mouse peritoneal exudate macrophages. Glucocorticoids potentiated this effect. We have extended these observations to an investigation of the effects of IFN-gamma and glucocorticoids on steady-state mRNA levels of the three Fc gamma R genes expressed on murine macrophages: Fc gamma RI, Fc gamma RII, and Fc gamma RIII alpha. Fc gamma RI mRNA was present at a barely detectable level in unstimulated cells but was induced 5- to 10-fold by IFN-gamma. Fc gamma RIII alpha mRNA was expressed constitutively and was induced significantly but very modestly (1.5-fold) by IFN-gamma. Fc gamma RII mRNA also exhibited high constitutive expression, but it was not altered by IFN-gamma treatment. Dexamethasone (DEX) significantly increased the expression of IFN-gamma- induced Fc gamma RI mRNA but had no effect on the expression of Fc gamma RII or Fc gamma RIII alpha transcripts in untreated or IFN-gamma-treated cells. The effect of DEX on Fc gamma RI mRNA was seen after about 10 h of simultaneous treatment with IFN-gamma, was dose-dependent, and was glucocorticoid specific. DEX did not modulate the rate of decay of the Fc gamma RI mRNA, suggesting that the up-regulatory effect of DEX may occur, in part, at the level of transcription. In the same culture system, the steady-state level of IFN-gamma- induced Ia mRNA was concurrently inhibited by DEX. The up-regulation of the IFN-gamma- induced high-affinity Fc gamma RI mRNA, the failure to modulate the expression of the two low-affinity Fc gamma R mRNA species, and the down-regulation of IFN-gamma- induced Ia mRNA by DEX in the same cell population illustrate the diverse, gene-specific influence of glucocorticoids on the expression of IFN-gamma-inducible genes.[1]


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