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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Molecular cloning of an ovine ovarian tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases: ontogeny of messenger ribonucleic acid expression and in situ localization within preovulatory follicles and luteal tissue.

Secretion of a tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMP-1) is initiated by ovine preovulatory follicles after the gonadotropin surge. In addition, TIMP-1 is a major secretory product of ovine corpora lutea. We have isolated an approximately full-length cDNA clone for TIMP-1 from an ovine luteal cDNA library. The 887-basepair cDNA obtained was 95%, 86%, and 77% identical to the reported nucleotide sequences of bovine, human, and mouse TIMP-1 cDNAs, respectively. Total cellular RNA was isolated from preovulatory follicles collected before (presurge; n = 5) or 12-14 h after (postsurge; n = 4) a LHRH-induced gonadotropin surge (36 h after prostaglandin F2 alpha-induced luteolysis); from luteal tissue collected on days 3, 7, 10, 13, and 16 postestrus (n = 5, 5, 4, 5, and 5, respectively); and from purified populations of small (n = 4) and large (n = 3) luteal cells. Concentrations of TIMP-1 mRNA (picograms per micrograms tissue DNA) were increased in preovulatory follicles after exposure to a gonadotropin surge (P < or = 0.01). TIMP-1 mRNA was localized primarily to the granulosa layer of postsurge follicles by in situ hybridization. Concentrations of TIMP-1 mRNA in luteal tissue did not differ throughout the luteal phase (P = 0.07). However, TIMP-1 mRNA was localized predominantly to specific cells located in the connective tissue surrounding and within day 3 corpora lutea. In situ hybridization of day 10 corpora lutea localized TIMP-1 mRNA predominantly to specific cells that were randomly dispersed throughout the luteal tissue. TIMP-1 mRNA was expressed by purified populations of both small and large luteal cells collected from day 10 corpora lutea. Concentrations of TIMP-1 mRNA (picograms per micrograms DNA) were greater in the large luteal cell populations (P < or = 0.0001). We conclude that 1) expression of TIMP-1 mRNA by the granulosa layer of ovine preovulatory follicles increased after the gonadotropin surge, whereas TIMP-1 mRNA concentrations during the luteal phase remained constant; 2) during the luteal phase, TIMP-1 mRNA was localized to specific cells surrounding (day 3) or located within (day 10) the corpus luteum; and 3) expression of TIMP-1 mRNA was greatest in large luteal cells.[1]


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