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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Specific atrial overexpression of G protein coupled human beta 1 adrenoceptors in transgenic mice.

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to develop a transgenic mouse model of atrial beta 1 adrenoceptor overexpression in order to create atrial alteration of the receptor transduction system. METHODS: Transgenic founders were generated after microinjection of the transgene construct into the pronucleus of fertilised mouse eggs. Heterozygous progeny were screened for RNA expression of the human beta 1 adrenoceptor gene under the control of a 0.56 kb proximal promoter of the human atrial natriuretic factor. One line, out of the three obtained, was selected and further characterised for overexpression of the human beta 1 adrenoceptor. Polymerase chain reaction was employed to detect beta 1 adrenoceptor mRNA, and 125I-cyanopindolol (ICYP) binding assays were used to quantify receptors in heart membranes. A quantitative autoradiographic ICYP binding technique was also used to visualise atrial and ventricular beta adrenoceptors in heart sections. RESULTS: The human beta 1 adrenoceptor was overexpressed specifically in the atria of transgenic mice. The level of the beta 1 adrenoceptor was 5-10-fold higher in transgenic mice compared to basal murine beta 1 adrenoceptors in non-transgenic control mice. Left and right atrial receptor overexpression was confirmed by in vitro autoradiography. The human receptors were able to couple to the murine stimulatory G proteins (Gs), as shown by high affinity binding site dosage using the beta adrenoceptor agonist isoprenaline. Isoprenaline displacement studies allowed the determination of two different affinity sites, one of high affinity (KH = 5.8 nM), and one of low affinity (KL = 520 nM). When expressed in terms of protein density (, atrial transgenic beta 1 adrenoceptors displayed a threefold increase in high affinity sites (KH) as compared to control mice. Preliminary electrocardiographic data showed supraventricular premature beats in 6/14 transgenic mice v 2/16 control mice. CONCLUSIONS: These transgenic mice may provide a useful pharmacological tool to investigate the pathophysiological consequences of the overactivation of atrial beta 1 adrenoceptor-adenylyl cyclase signalling system.[1]


  1. Specific atrial overexpression of G protein coupled human beta 1 adrenoceptors in transgenic mice. Bertin, B., Mansier, P., Makeh, I., Briand, P., Rostene, W., Swynghedauw, B., Strosberg, A.D. Cardiovasc. Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
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