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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of probasin-related antigen as cystathionine gamma-lyase by molecular cloning.

We reported previously that a monoclonal antibody against probasin (rat prostatic secretory protein) recognizes a 40-kDa protein localized in rat liver and kidney. The protein (probasin-related antigen, PRB-RA) may participate in a specific differentiated function of these tissues. To clarify the molecular nature of PRB-RA, a series of cDNA clones coding for the protein were isolated from a rat liver expression library using an affinity-purified polyclonal antibody. The amino acid sequence deduced from the determined cDNA sequence included sequences identical with those of proteolytic fragments of PRB-RA, which covered about 70% of the deduced sequence. Northern blot hybridization of poly(A)+ RNA isolated from rat tissues showed the presence of predominant and minor mRNA species of about 2.0 and 4.3 kilobases, respectively, in the liver and kidney. A sequence homology search revealed that PRB-RA is almost completely identical to rat cystathionine gamma-lyase (cystathionase) and that it does not show overall homology with probasin. Three candidates for an epitope common to probasin and PRB-RA were found on close examination of the amino acid sequences of the two proteins. A synthetic peptide, TYFRRI, corresponding to one of the candidates, neutralized the reactivity of the anti-probasin monoclonal antibody to both probasin and PRB-RA on Western blot analysis. These results show that PRB-RA/cystathionase is neither structurally nor functionally related to probasin except for a common epitope and that cystathionase, a cystein-producing enzyme, is localized in urinary tubular epithelial cells in a highly restricted region of the kidney in addition to in liver parenchymal cells.[1]


  1. Identification of probasin-related antigen as cystathionine gamma-lyase by molecular cloning. Nishi, N., Tanabe, H., Oya, H., Urushihara, M., Miyanaka, H., Wada, F. J. Biol. Chem. (1994) [Pubmed]
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