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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of the carcinogens N-hydroxy-N-2-fluorenylbenzamide and N-hydroxy-N-2-fluorenylacetamide via deacylations and acetyl transfers by rat peritoneal serosa and liver.

Intraperitoneally administered N-hydroxy-N-2-fluorenylbenzamide (N-OH-2-FBA) and N-hydroxy-N-2-fluorenylacetamide (N-OH-2-FAA) are carcinogenic for rat peritoneum. The potential of peritoneal serosa to activate these compounds via deacylations and acyl transfers was compared to that of liver. N-Deacylations of N-OH-2-FBA and N-OH-2-FAA to N-2-fluorenylhydroxylamine (N-OH-2-FA) were faster by liver than serosa and by microsomes than cytosols. N-Debenzoylations of N-OH-2-FBA were 73- to 123-fold faster than N-deacetylations of N-OH-2-FAA. The esters, N-benzoyloxy-2-FBA and N-acetoxy-2-FAA, were O- and N-deacylated to N-OH-2-FA by liver, and the benzoate by serosa. Inhibition by paraoxon of the above deacylations implicated a serine carboxylesterase. Liver and serosa cytosols catalyzed acetyl CoA-, but not benzoyl CoA-, dependent and iodoacetamide (IAA)-sensitive N-acylation of N-2-fluorenamine (2-FA), implicating an acetyltransferase. In hepatic microsomes this activity was IAA-insensitive and partially inhibited by paraoxon. Liver cytosol, but not microsomes, used N-OH-2-FAA as an acyl donor and neither used N-OH-2-FBA. Liver and serosa catalyzed binding to DNA of N-OH-2-[ring-3H]FBA which was paraoxon-sensitive and increased by acetyl CoA, but not benzoyl CoA. Binding to DNA of N-OH-2-[ring-3H]FAA catalyzed by cytosols was approximately 22-fold greater in liver than in serosa and was IAA-sensitive. Microsome-catalyzed binding of this compound in both tissues was increased approximately 2-fold by acetyl CoA. The results support a two-step activation of N-OH-2-FBA in the liver consisting of esterase-catalyzed N-debenzoylation to N-OH-2-FA and an acyltransferase-catalyzed O-acetylation to the putative electrophile N-acetoxy-2-FA. In the serosa, binding to DNA appears to be due to rapid N-debenzoylation to N-OH-2-FA, a fraction of which is O-acetylated. Whereas activation of N-OH-2-FAA by liver and serosa microsomes may also involve N-OH-2-FA and/or its O-acetate, activation by the cytosols is consistent with N,O-acetyltransfer of N-OH-2-FAA to yield N-acetoxy-2-FA. The study provides first evidence for activation of N-OH-2-FBA by rat liver and of both compounds by peritoneum in vitro.[1]


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