The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The HIV-1 tat protein enhances E2-dependent human papillomavirus 16 transcription.

Epidemiologic studies show an association between infection with human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and human papillomavirus (HPV) associated anogenital disease. To investigate possible molecular mechanisms of HIV-1 modulation of HPV expression, we studied the effect of an HIV-1 regulatory protein, tat1, on gene expression directed by the upstream regulatory region (URR) of HPV type 16 (HPV 16). HPV 16 URR-directed chloramphenicol acetyltransferase (CAT) expression driven by the native HPV 16 promoter (P97) was increased in the presence of tat1 alone. Tat1 also reversed E2-mediated repression of P97-directed CAT expression. E2 mediated CAT expression with URR constructs containing the SV40 promoter was enhanced when tat1 and E2 were cotransfected. Using a cervical carcinoma cell line (SiHa), E2 enhancement of URR-directed gene expression was elevated in the presence of extracellular tat1 or during cocultivation with HIV-1-infected cells. These results show HIV can modulate HPV gene expression in cell culture and that the increased rate of HPV-associated cervical disease in asymptomatic HIV-seropositive women may result from HPV-HIV molecular interactions.[1]


  1. The HIV-1 tat protein enhances E2-dependent human papillomavirus 16 transcription. Vernon, S.D., Hart, C.E., Reeves, W.C., Icenogle, J.P. Virus Res. (1993) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities