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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dissociation of phosphorylation and translocation of a myristoylated protein kinase C substrate (MARCKS protein) in C6 glioma and N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells.

An 80-kDa protein labeled with [3H]myristic acid in C6 glioma and N1E-115 neuroblastoma cells has been identified as the myristoylated alanine-rich C kinase substrate (MARCKS protein) on the basis of its calmodulin-binding, acidic nature, heat stability, and immunochemical properties. When C6 cells preincubated with [3H]myristate were treated with 200 nM 4 beta-12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate (beta-TPA), labeled MARCKS was rapidly increased in the soluble digitonin fraction (maximal, fivefold at 10 min) with a concomitant decrease in the Triton X-100-soluble membrane fraction. However, phosphorylation of this protein was increased in the presence of beta-TPA to a similar extent in both fractions (maximal, fourfold at 30 min). In contrast, beta-TPA-stimulated phosphorylation of MARCKS in N1E-115 cells was confined to the membrane fraction only and no change in the distribution of the myristoylated protein was noted relative to alpha-TPA controls. These results indicate that although phosphorylation of MARCKS by protein kinase C occurs in both cell lines, it is not directly associated with translocation from membrane to cytosol, which occurs in C6 cells only. The cell-specific translocation of MARCKS appears to correlate with previously demonstrated differential effects of phorbol esters on stimulation of phosphatidylcholine turnover in these two cell lines.[1]


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