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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation and functional characterization of a rat recombinant dopamine D3 receptor.

We stably expressed a rat D3 receptor cDNA in C6 glioma cells (C6-D3 cells), quantifying receptor expression with the radioligands [125I]epidepride (KD = 0.1 nM) and [3H]spiperone (KD = 0.7 nM). As reported previously for D2 receptors, quinpirole induced a 9-16% increase in the rate of extracellular acidification by C6-D3 cells. The acidification was inhibited by epidepride and by the Na+/H+ antiporter inhibitors, amiloride and methylisobutylamiloride, but pertussis toxin treatment had no effect on quinpirole-induced extracellular acidification. These data suggest that D3 receptor stimulation of Na+/H+ exchange in C6 glioma cells is not mediated by the pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins, Gi or G(o). Overnight treatment of C6-D3 cells with N-propylnorapomorphine, dopamine, or quinpirole resulted in large concentration-dependent increases (up to 500%) in the density of D3 receptors on membranes prepared from the cells. Antagonists had smaller, variable effects on the density of D3 receptors in C6-D3 cells, except for domperidone, which significantly increased the density of D3 receptors. Treatment with pertussis toxin had no effect on the agonist-induced receptor up-regulation, indicating that an interaction with pertussis toxin-sensitive G proteins was not required. Densitometry analysis of Northern blots of RNA prepared from C6-D3 cells showed no significant N-propylnorapomorphine-induced increase in D3 receptor message. Treatment with cycloheximide, however, completely prevented receptor up-regulation by N-propylnorapomorphine. Pretreatment of C6-D2 cells with 10 microM DA resulted in a substantial heterologous sensitization, in which isoproterenol-stimulated adenylyl cyclase activity was enhanced more than twofold.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Regulation and functional characterization of a rat recombinant dopamine D3 receptor. Cox, B.A., Rosser, M.P., Kozlowski, M.R., Duwe, K.M., Neve, R.L., Neve, K.A. Synapse (1995) [Pubmed]
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