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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glomerular epithelial protein 1 and podocalyxin-like protein 1 in inflammatory glomerular disease (crescentic nephritis) in rabbit and man.

The podocyte is the cell responsible in large part for maintaining the glomerular filtration barrier. Glomerular epithelial protein 1 ( GLEPP1) is a novel receptor-like transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase present on the apical surface of podocyte foot processes. Podocalyxin-like protein 1 (PCLP1) is a transmembrane sialoglycoprotein which is also present on the foot process apical surface as well as on the surface of endothelial cells. GLEPP1 and PCLP1 are thought to play a role in regulating the structure and function of podocyte foot processes. Glomerular injury affecting the podocyte is likely to be reflected by changes in these proteins. GLEPP1 distribution in human renal biopsy with inflammatory glomerular disease and crescent formation was examined by immunocytochemistry. A model of inflammatory glomerular injury induced by guinea pig anti-rabbit basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody was used to examine the distribution and amount of GLEPP1 and PCLP1 mRNA and protein. A biopsy study was done to determine whether the extent of GLEPP1 depletion from glomeruli at early time points (Day 7) would predict the severity of crescent formation at Day 30. Glomeruli from human renal biopsies with crescentic nephritis showed focal to diffuse disappearance of GLEPP1 protein. No GLEPP1 was present within the cellular crescent. By Day 4 of the rabbit anti-GBM model, before cellular crescents had formed, GLEPP1 protein was reduced from 127 +/- 28 X 10(7) to 30 +/- 5 X 10(7) molecules per glomerulus (p < 0.001), and GLEPP1 mRNA was reduced by 62% (p < 0.05). In contrast, at this time there was no significant reduction of PCLP1 protein from the normal number of 309 X 10(9) molecules per glomerulus and the PCLP1 mRNA level had not decreased. At Day 4, podocyte foot processes were effaced and proteinuria was present. Glomerular culture supernatants from Day 4 rabbits caused a reduction in GLEPP1 but not PCLP1 protein expression by cultured normal glomeruli, showing that a soluble factor was produced at Day 4 which reduced the number of GLEPP1 molecules in glomeruli. There was no detectable proteolysis of GLEPP1 or PCLP1 in glomeruli and no increase in GLEPP1 or PCLP1 excretion in urine. Therefore, the reduction in glomerular GLEPP1 was associated with reduced synthetic capacity. The proportion of glomeruli with reduced GLEPP1 at Day 7 of the model was significantly associated with the percent of glomeruli which had formed crescents at Day 30 (r = 0.86, p < 0.0001). GLEPP1 appears to be a sensitive indicator of glomerular injury during inflammation in man and in the rabbit model. A reduction in amount of GLEPP1 is associated with worse outcome for the glomerulus.[1]


  1. Glomerular epithelial protein 1 and podocalyxin-like protein 1 in inflammatory glomerular disease (crescentic nephritis) in rabbit and man. Yang, D.H., Goyal, M., Sharif, K., Kershaw, D., Thomas, P., Dysko, R., Wiggins, R. Lab. Invest. (1996) [Pubmed]
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