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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

A new wound healing agent--sphingosylphosphorylcholine.

Spingosylphosphorylcholine (lysosphingomyelin or SPC) is an effective and broad spectrum cell growth promoting agent and a candidate for evaluation on wound healing. The effect of SPC on full-thickness excision and incision wounds in genetically healing-impaired diabetic (db/db) mice was evaluated by measurement of wound area, skin strength, and tissue histology. The effect on cell proliferation was measured in vivo by incorporation of bromo-deoxyuridine and in vitro by [3H] thymidine incorporation. SPC increased the rate of wound closure, with a statistically significant improvement in measured wound areas (p < 0.02, compared with vehicle controls). The optimum concentration was 2-3 microM. SPC, alone and in combination with insulin, stimulated DNA synthesis in cells known to participate in wound healing, including microvascular endothelial cells. In vivo, SPC stimulated proliferation of keratinocytes, fibroblasts, endothelial cells, and cells around sebaceous glands and hair follicles at day 2-4 postwound, resulting in a complete re- epithelialization and profound granulation tissue formation in excisional and incisional wound sites of db.db and db/+ mice. Quantitative assessment of wound tissue section morphology indicated that SPC induced up to a 3-fold increase in the numbers of mitotic cells, resulted in smaller cross-sectional scar area, and led to more normalized tissue in the wound sites. SPC had no deleterious effect on wound skin strength. In conclusion, the acceleration of dermal wound healing animal models suggests that SPC could be an interesting candidate for clinical application.[1]


  1. A new wound healing agent--sphingosylphosphorylcholine. Sun, L., Xu, L., Henry, F.A., Spiegel, S., Nielsen, T.B. J. Invest. Dermatol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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