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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel actions of aspirin and sodium salicylate: discordant effects on nitric oxide synthesis and induction of nitric oxide synthase mRNA in a murine macrophage cell line.

Aspirin and sodium salicylate each inhibit to a similar extent the production of nitric oxide (NO) in the RAW 264.7 murine macrophage cell line following stimulation by either lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). The similar potencies of aspirin and sodium salicylate indicate that acetylation of cellular macromolecules is not essential for the observed effects. The failure of added prostaglandin E2 to overcome the effects of aspirin or sodium salicylate indicates that these effects are not simply the result of inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis. The inhibition of NO production occurs irrespective of the effect of these agents on induction of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) mRNA by LPS or IFN-gamma. Aspirin and sodium salicylate inhibit iNOS mRNA induction in LPS- stimulated cells but enhance iNOS mRNA induction in IFN-gamma-stimulated cells. In contrast, these agents consistently inhibit induction of argininosuccinate synthetase mRNA in both LPS- and IFN-gamma-stimulated cells. Concentrations of aspirin in the 3-10 mM range inhibit induced NO production and expression of iNOS protein without inhibiting induction of iNOS mRNA. Discordances between effects on NO synthesis and induction of iNOS mRNA indicate that aspirin and sodium salicylate have multiple sites of action in their effects on pathways that are involved in the production of NO by stimulated RAW 264.7 cells.[1]


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