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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Effect of basic ( FGF-2) and acidic (FGF-1) fibroblast growth factors on early haemopoietic cell development.

Basic fibroblast growth factor ( FGF-2) and acidic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-1) are mitogens for a variety of cell types. Many reports suggest that haemopoietic cells are among these. Nevertheless, when we examined the effect of recombinant human FGF-1 or 2 on normal human marrow cell proliferation in vitro, only minimal stimulatory activity could be detected. In this regard, the addition of either growth factor to cultures of ancillary cell depleted marrow mononuclear cells (MNC), or to highly enriched CD34+ MNC, failed to enhance haemopoietic colony number and induced only a slight increase in colony size. Perturbation of FGF receptor (FGF-R) expression on CD34+ MNC with antisense (AS) oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN) was also without apparent effect on cell growth. Neither could we demonstrate any effect of FGF-1 or 2 on survival of early progenitor cells in serum-free culture. To explain these findings, we examined progenitor cells for expression of the FGF-R at the mRNA and protein level using RT-PCR and flow cytometry. Primitive CD34+/KIT+ MNC had no detectable FGF-R (FGF-R1, 2, 3 or 4) mRNA or protein expression. In fact, direct immunofluorescence labelling of MNC for CD34 antigen and FGF-R1 demonstrated that expression of these markers was mutually exclusive in the populations examined. FGF-R1 expression was detected on subpopulations of MNC and on cells derived from day-6 CFU-GM and BFU-E colonies. Accordingly, FGF-R1 is either absent, or present at very low levels, on primitive haemopoietic cells. This fact, combined with our in vitro culture data, suggest that receptors are unlikely to play a significant role in the development of these early cells. Nevertheless, the development of mature cells may be influenced by the FGFs since the FGF-Rs are expressed on more mature cells.[1]

References

  1. Effect of basic (FGF-2) and acidic (FGF-1) fibroblast growth factors on early haemopoietic cell development. Ratajczak, M.Z., Ratajczak, J., Skorska, M., Marlicz, W., Calabretta, B., Pletcher, C.H., Moore, J., Gewirtz, A.M. Br. J. Haematol. (1996) [Pubmed]
 
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