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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The plasma membrane NADH-diaphorase is active during selective phases of the cell cycle in mouse neuroblastoma cell line NB41A3. Its relation to cell growth and differentiation.

Plasma membrane oxidoreductases have been described in all cells and use extracellular impermeant electron acceptors (DCIP, Ferricyanide) that are reduced by NADH. They appear to regulate the overall cell activity in response to oxidative stress from the cellular environment. An NADH-DCIP reductase has been described at the plasma membrane of NB41A3, a neuroblastoma cell line (Zurbriggen and Dryer (1993) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 1183, 513-520) whose activation with extracellular impermeant substrates promotes cell growth. Elutriation was performed to separate cells and the various fractions were analysed for enzyme activity on intact cells combined with flow cytometry. These studies showed that the enzyme is mostly induced and activated during the G1 and during the G2/M-phases. These observations were further corroborated with specific inhibitors of the cell cycle. A three-fold increase in enzyme activity was observed in the presence of alpha-amanitin, a specific cell cycle inhibitor of the G1-phase. Taxol, a specific inhibitor of the M-phase, also induces a significant increase in enzyme activity. FACS analysis of taxol -treated and alpha-amanitin-treated cells corroborated these data. The cells have been synchronized and the enzyme activity was measured at different time intervals. An activity increase was observed after ca. 2-3 h, that corresponds to a raise in the M-phase, according to FACS data. Furthermore, NTera-2 cells - a human neuroblastoma cell line that differentiates into fully mature neurones in the presence of retinoic acid - exhibit a 50% decrease in the enzyme activity during the G0-phase upon differentiation, compared to undifferentiated cells. Together the data presented in this paper show that this plasma membrane NADH-diaphorase affects cell growth and differentiation and is strongly modulated at various phases of the cell cycle.[1]


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