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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Inhibition of cytochrome P-450 attenuates hypoxemia of acute lung injury in dogs.

The intravenous administration of ethchlorvynol (ECV), in dogs, resulted in an acute lung injury (ALI) characterized by a 200 +/- 80% increase in venous admixture and a 142 +/- 30% increase in extravascular lung water (EVLW). Pretreatment with the cytochrome P-450 inhibitor 8-methoxypsoralen prevented the ECV-induced increase in venous admixture but not the increased EVLW. These findings parallel those reported for cyclooxygenase inhibition in ECV-induced ALI and suggest that an arachidonic acid (AA) metabolite of pulmonary cytochrome P-450 activity may mediate the increase in venous admixture of ALI. We demonstrate that canine pulmonary microsomes metabolize [1-(14)C]AA to a variety of products, including the cytochrome P-450 metabolites 5,6-, 8,9-, 11,12-, and 14,15-epoxyeicosatrienoic acid (EET). In prostaglandin F2 alpha-contracted, isolated pulmonary venous rings, 5,6-EET induced relaxation in a concentration-dependent manner. This action of 5,6-EET was prevented by indomethacin (10(-5) M). These results suggest that may serve as the cyclooxygenase-dependent endogenous pulmonary vasodilator responsible for the increase in venous admixture of ECV-induced ALI.[1]


  1. Inhibition of cytochrome P-450 attenuates hypoxemia of acute lung injury in dogs. Stephenson, A.H., Sprague, R.S., Weintraub, N.L., McMurdo, L., Lonigro, A.J. Am. J. Physiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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