The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The heterotrimeric G protein G alpha i2 mediates lysophosphatidic acid- stimulated induction of the c-fos gene in mouse fibroblasts.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) utilizes a heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide regulatory (G) protein-coupled receptor to activate the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway and induce mitogenesis in fibroblasts and other cells. A single cell assay system was used to examine the functional interaction of the LPA receptor with G proteins in intact mouse fibroblasts, by measuring LPA-stimulated induction of the immediate-early gene, c-fos, as read out by a stably expressed fos-lacZ reporter gene. Pretreatment of these cells with pertussis toxin at 100 ng/ml almost completely abolished LPA-stimulated c-fos induction. Western blotting revealed that two pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive G proteins, G alpha i2 and G alpha i3, were present in membranes prepared from these cells, and Northern blotting confirmed the absence of message for other PTX-sensitive subunits. Microinjection of an alpha il/alpha i2-specific antibody into living cells decreased LPA-stimulated induction of c-fos by 60%, whereas introduction of antibodies to either alpha i3 or alpha 16, a subtype not present in these cells but used as a control, decreased LPA-stimulated c-fos induction by only 19%. In contrast, the alpha i1/alpha i2-specific antibody had no effect on insulin-induced c-fos expression, which is thought to utilize a G protein-independent mechanism of signaling. In addition, cellular expression of an epitope-tagged PTX-resistant mutant of G alpha i2, but not PTX-resistant G alpha i3, restored LPA-stimulated c-fos induction in cells in which endogenous G protein a subunits were uncoupled from the receptor by pretreatment with PTX. Together, these results provide conclusive in vivo evidence that G alpha i2 is the PTX-sensitive G protein a subunit which mediates LPA- stimulated c-fos induction and perhaps mitogenesis in these cells.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities