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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Gene transfection of mouse primordial germ cells in vitro and analysis of their survival and growth control.

We evaluated electroporation, liposome-mediated transfection, and the calcium phosphate (CaPO4) coprecipitation method for gene transfection of mouse primordial germ cells (PGCs) in culture as a prelude to the investigation of molecular mechanisms of the germ cell development. We found that electroporation severely damaged PGCs, and the efficiency of liposome-mediated transfection was very low. In contrast, using the CaPO4 coprecipitation method, 18% of PGCs transfected with plasmid pSV-LT expressed simian virus 40 large tumor antigen (SV 40 T-Ag) transiently. However, we did not detect any effects on the proliferation and survival of PGCs obtained from the embryonic gonads at 11.5 days postcoitum (d.p.c.) during 2 days of culture after the transfection. PGCs isolated from the 11.5-d.p.c. gonads change from spread- to round-shape and exhibit growth arrest during a few days of culture, and these rounded PGCs quickly disappear from the culture. We found that the transfection and expression of Bcl-XL or adenovirus type 2 E1B 19,000-molecular-weight protein (E1B 19K) significantly promoted the survival of PGCs and retarded the disappearance of rounded PGCs from the culture system. These results suggest that the Bcl-XL or E1B 19K can prevent the apoptosis of PGCs and inhibit the cell death of the rounded PGCs in culture.[1]


  1. Gene transfection of mouse primordial germ cells in vitro and analysis of their survival and growth control. Watanabe, M., Shirayoshi, Y., Koshimizu, U., Hashimoto, S., Yonehara, S., Eguchi, Y., Tsujimoto, Y., Nakatsuji, N. Exp. Cell Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
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