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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phospholipase C beta and membrane action of calcitriol and estradiol.

We have shown that estrogens and calcitriol, the hormonally active form of vitamin D, increase the concentration of intracellular calcium ([Ca2+]i) within 5 s by mobilizing calcium from the endoplasmic reticulum and the formation of inositol 1,4, 5-trisphosphate and diacylglycerol. Because the activation of effectors as phospholipase C (PLC) coupled to G-proteins is the early event in the signal transduction pathway leading to the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate formation and to [Ca2+]i increase, we described different PLC isoforms (beta1, beta2, gamma1, and gamma2, but not beta4) in female rat osteoblasts using Western immunoblotting. The data showed that phospholipase C beta was involved in the mobilization of Ca2+ from the endoplasmic reticulum of Fura-2-loaded confluent osteoblasts by calcitriol and 17beta estradiol, and PLC gamma was ineffective. The data also showed that only a PLC beta1 linked to a Pertussis toxin-insensitive G-protein and a PLC beta2 coupled to a Pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein are involved in the effects of calcitriol and 17beta estradiol on the mobilization of Ca2+ from intracellular Ca2+ stores. In conclusion, these results may be an important step toward understanding membrane effects of these steroids and may be an additional argument in favor of membrane receptors to steroid hormones.[1]


  1. Phospholipase C beta and membrane action of calcitriol and estradiol. Le Mellay, V., Grosse, B., Lieberherr, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
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