The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of a Goalpha mutant that binds xanthine nucleotides.

Several GTP binding proteins, including EF-Tu, Ypt1, rab-5, and FtsY, and adenylosuccinate synthetase have been reported to bind xanthine nucleotides when the conserved aspartate residue in the NKXD motif was changed to asparagine. However, the corresponding single Goalpha mutant protein (D273N) did not bind either xanthine nucleotides or guanine nucleotides. Interestingly, the introduction of a second mutation to generate the Goalpha subunit D273N/Q205L switched nucleotide binding specificity to xanthine nucleotide. The double mutant protein GoalphaD273N/Q205L (GoalphaX) bound xanthine triphosphate, but not guanine triphosphate. Recombinant GoalphaX (GoalphaD273N/Q205L) formed heterotrimers with betagamma complexes only in the presence of xanthine diphosphate (XDP), and the binding to betagamma was inhibited by xanthine triphosphate (XTP). Furthermore, as a result of binding to XTP, the GoalphaX protein underwent a conformational change similar to that of the activated wild-type Goalpha. In transfected COS-7 cells, we demonstrate that the interaction between GoalphaX and betagamma occurred only when cell membranes were permeabilized to allow the uptake of xanthine diphosphate. This is the first example of a switch in nucleotide binding specificity from guanine to xanthine nucleotides in a heterotrimeric G protein alpha subunit.[1]


  1. Characterization of a Goalpha mutant that binds xanthine nucleotides. Yu, B., Slepak, V.Z., Simon, M.I. J. Biol. Chem. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities