The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Macrophage TNF mRNA expression is modulated by protease inhibitors.

BACKGROUND: Nuclear factor kappa B (NF kappa B) is an important transcriptional activator protein and is a crucial component of the host's response to infection. The activation of NF kappa B is correlated with the phosphorylation of inhibitory kappa B (I kappa B) and its subsequent degradation. We hypothesized that protease inhibitors which prevented I kappa B degradation could inhibit the macrophage gene activation and reduce the production of inflammatory cytokines. METHODS: Rabbit alveolar macrophages (M phi) were obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage. M phi were exposed to Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (10 ng/ml) in the presence of various concentrations of protease inhibitors, either N-tosyl-L-phenylalanine chloromethyl ketone (TPCK) or N-benzoyl-L-tyrosine ethyl ester (BTEE). Total RNA was extracted for Northern blot assay of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) mRNA expression using a rabbit genomic DNA probe. Total nuclear extracts were also obtained for the measurement of the NF kappa B activity with the electrophoretic mobility shift assay. The TNF production in the M phi supernatant was measured by L929 bio-assays. RESULTS: NF kappa B activity induced by LPS was inhibited by either BTEE or TPCK. Inhibition of NF kappa B activity by these agents also prevented TNF mRNA expression and TNF production induced by LPS. The cellular mechanism leading to NF kappa B activation was further studied. TNF mRNA expression and NF kappa B activation were inhibited by D609, a phospholipase C (PLC) inhibitor, as well as by protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors. In addition, direct stimulation of PKC led to NF kappa B activation and TNF mRNA expression. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that TNF mRNA expression of LPS-stimulated M phi is mediated through NF kappa B, NF kappa B activation is intimately regulated by the PLC signaling pathway.[1]


  1. Macrophage TNF mRNA expression is modulated by protease inhibitors. Lo, C.J., Fu, M., Kim, B. J. Surg. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities