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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adenosine stimulates nitric oxide synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells.

OBJECTIVE: The aim was to investigate the effects of adenosine on nitric oxide (NO) synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells. METHODS: NO and cAMP synthesis was measured in confluent rat vascular smooth muscle cells in culture at passage 5-10, using Griess reagent and an enzyme immunoassay kit, respectively. The expression of inducible NO synthase mRNA was assayed by Northern blotting. RESULTS: Incubation of cultures with interleukin-1 beta (10 ng/ml) for 24 h caused a significant increase in nitrite production. The interleukin-1 beta-induced nitrite production by vascular smooth muscle cells was significantly increased by adenosine or its stable analogue, 2-chloroadenosine, in a dose-dependent manner. The adenosine A2a receptor antagonist, KF17837, but not the A1 receptor antagonist, DPCPX, significantly inhibited 2-chloroadenosine-mediated nitrite production. The 2-chloroadenosine-mediated nitrite production by interleukin-1 beta-stimulated cells was accompanied by increased inducible NO synthase mRNA accumulation. In the presence of dibutyryl-cAMP (1 mM), interleukin-1 beta-induced nitrite accumulation was further increased, but the effect of 2-chloroadenosine was not additive or synergistic. Addition of 2-chloroadenosine dose-dependently increased intracellular cAMP levels of vascular smooth muscle cells. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that adenosine acts on A2 receptors and augments NO synthesis in interleukin-1 beta-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells, at least partially through a cAMP-dependent pathway.[1]


  1. Adenosine stimulates nitric oxide synthesis in vascular smooth muscle cells. Ikeda, U., Kurosaki, K., Ohya, K., Shimada, K. Cardiovasc. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
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