The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Formation of guanoxabenz from guanabenz in human liver. A new metabolic marker for CYP1A2.

The in vitro N-hydroxylation of guanabenz as well as the corresponding N-dehydroxylation of guanoxabenz has been previously detected in biotransformation studies with microsomal fractions of different species including human hepatic microsomes. Furthermore, the N-hydroxylation of guanabenz was found to be catalyzed by enriched cytochrome P450 (P450) fractions in reconstituted systems. Strong correlations between 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylation (r = 0. 96; p < 0.001), caffeine N-demethylation (r = 0.92; p < 0.001), respectively, and guanabenz N-hydroxylation activities were demonstrated in 10 human liver microsomal preparations. Studies with microsomes from human B-lymphoblastoid cell lines expressing human cytochrome P450 enzymes proved that CYP1A2 is the major isozyme responsible for this metabolic pathway. Further, P450 isozymes did not show any detectable conversion rates. The reaction was inhibited in presence of the potent CYP1A2 inhibitors alpha-naphthoflavone (7, 8-benzoflavone) and furafylline. The N-reduction of guanoxabenz to guanabenz exhibits a significant correlation to the benzamidoxime N-reduction after incubation with 10 human liver microsomal preparations (r = 0.97; p < 0.001). The formation of benzamidine from benzamidoxime was described previously to be catalyzed by the benzamidoxime reductase. These results suggest that the guanabenz N-hydroxylation is mediated via CYP1A2, whereas the corresponding guanoxabenz N-reduction is catalyzed by an enzyme system composed of cytochrome b5, NADH cytochrome b5-reductase, and benzamidoxime reductase. The high affinity of guanabenz to CYP1A2 and the distinct selectivity of this P450 isozyme toward guanabenz confirms the in vitro guanabenz N-hydroxylation to be a suitable metabolic marker for CYP1A2 in biotransformation studies.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities