The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of the tuberous sclerosis gene-2 product in cell cycle control. Loss of the tuberous sclerosis gene-2 induces quiescent cells to enter S phase.

Tuberous sclerosis is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of benign growths in many tissues and organs. Linkage analysis revealed two disease-determining genes on chromosome 9 and chromosome 16. The TSC2 gene on chromosome 16 encodes a 1784-amino acid tumor suppressor protein, tuberin, that functions as a GTPase-activating protein for Rap1, a member of the superfamily of Ras-related proteins. By immunoblot analyses, we found TSC2 expression to be high in G0 as well as in early small G1 cells. Analyses after different cell synchronization procedures revealed that TSC2 mRNA and protein expression do not fluctuate throughout the cell cycle. Using inducible expression systems we further demonstrated that TSC2 expression is not affected by overexpression of the mitogenic transcription factor E2F-1 or c-Myc. Nevertheless, antisense inhibition of tuberin expression in logarithmically growing cells markedly decreased the percentage of cells in G1. Furthermore, we found that cells exposed to TSC2 antisense oligonucleotides did not undergo G0 arrest after serum withdrawal. Antisense inhibition of TSC2 expression also induced quiescent G0-arrested fibroblasts to reenter the cell cycle. Our data show for the first time that the absence of tuberin can both induce cells to pass through the G1/S transition of the eukaryotic cell cycle and prevent them from entering a quiescent state. These results have clear implications for the tumor suppressor function of TSC2. We further found that reentry into the cell cycle upon loss of TSC2 is dependent on the activity of the G1 cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs), Cdk2 or Cdk4. Taken together with our finding that antisense inhibition of TSC2 causes up-regulation of cyclin D1 expression, these results provide the first evidence for a connection between tuberin/ Rap1 and the G1 CDK-dependent regulation of the transition from G0/G1 to S phase.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities