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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

cis-Acting sequences that mediate induction of beta-myosin heavy chain gene expression during left ventricular hypertrophy due to aortic constriction.

BACKGROUND: Marked alterations in the expression of specific genes occur during the development of cardiac hypertrophy in vivo. Little is known, however, about the cis-acting elements that mediate these changes in response to clinically relevant hypertrophic stimuli, such as hemodynamic overload, in intact adult animals. METHODS AND RESULTS: The left ventricular expression of a directly injected reporter gene driven by 3542 bp of rat beta-myosin heavy chain (beta-MHC) promoter was increased 3.0-fold by aortic constriction (P<.005), an increment similar to the 3.2-fold increase in the level of the endogenous beta-MHC mRNA in the same left ventricles. Subsequent analysis identified a 107-bp beta-MHC promoter sequence (-303/-197) sufficient to convert a heterologous neutral promoter to one that is activated by aortic constriction. These sequences contain two M-CAT elements, which have previously been demonstrated to mediate inducible expression during alpha1-adrenergic-stimulated hypertrophy in cultured neonatal cardiac myocytes, and a GATA element. Although simultaneous mutation of both M-CAT elements markedly decreased the basal transcriptional activity of an injected 333-bp beta-MHC promoter, it had no effect on aortic constriction-stimulated transcription (3.5-fold increase, P<.005 for both wild type and mutant). In contrast, mutation of the GATA motif markedly attenuated aortic constriction-stimulated transcription (1.6-fold, P=NS) without affecting the basal transcriptional activity. This GATA site can interact with in vitro translated GATA-4 and compete with an established GATA site for GATA-4 binding activity in nuclear extracts from aortic constricted hearts. CONCLUSIONS: Basal and aortic constriction-stimulated transcription of the beta-MHC gene is mediated, at least in part, through different mechanisms. A GATA element within beta-MHC sequences -303/-197 plays a role in the transcriptional activation of this gene by aortic constriction.[1]


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